Параметры особо защитных участков леса для хищных птиц – какими они должны быть, чтобы обеспечить сохранение гнездовых участков?

Igor V. Karyakin, Elvira G. Nikolenko, Sergey V. Bakka

Аннотация


В статье приводится анализ влияния различных видов рубок на занятость гнездовых участков разных видов пернатых хищников, собранный преимущественно в борах Алтайского края. Также проанализированы реакции хищных птиц на фактор беспокойства и для каждого вида определены дистанции вспугивания. Сделан обзор международного и российского опыта выделения буферных зон и особо защитных участков леса (ОЗУЛ) вокруг гнёзд хищных птиц. На основании этого предложены размеры особо защитных участков леса, при которых возможно сохранение гнездовых участков разных видов пернатых хищников.

Ключевые слова


хищные птицы, пернатые хищники, фактор беспокойства, дистанция вспугивания, буферная зона, особо защитные участки леса, ОЗУЛ

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Литература


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Karyakin I.V. Monitoring Results of the Eagle Owl Population in the Strip-shaped Pine Forests in the Altai Kray, Russia. – Raptors Conservation. 2014. 29: 77–92. [Карякин И.В. Результаты мониторинга популяции филина в ленточных борах Алтайского края, Россия. – Пернатые хищники и их охрана. 2014. № 29. С. 77–92.] DOI: 10.19074/1814-8654-2014-29-77-92 URL: http://rrrcn.ru/ru/archives/25722 Date accessed: 12.12.2017.

Karyakin I.V. Altayles continues to destroy habitats of rare species of raptors in the Wildlife Nature Reserves of the Altai Kray. – Russian Raptor Research and Conservation Network. 2015. (in Russian) [Карякин И.В. Алтайлес продолжает уничтожать местообитания редких видов хищных птиц в боровых заказниках Алтайского края. – Российская сеть изучения и охраны пернатых хищников. 2015]. URL: http://rrrcn.ru/ru/archives/24033 Date accessed: 12.12.2017.

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Karyakin I.V., Levin A.S., Barabashin T.O., Karpov F.F. Results of Researches of Steppe Pine Forests in the Northeast of Kazakhstan in 2005. – Raptors Conservation. 2005b. 4: 34–43. [Карякин И.В., Барабашин Т.О., Левин А.С., Карпов Ф.Ф. Результаты исследований 2005 г. в степных борах на северо-востоке Казахстана. – Пернатые хищники и их охрана. 2005b. № 4. С. 34–43.]. URL: http://docs.sibecocenter.ru/programs/raptors/RC04/raptors_conservation_2005_4_pages_34_43.pdf Date accessed: 12.12.2017.

Karyakin I., Vagin A., Shtol D. The results of studies of raptors in the Altai pine-forests in 2014. – Russian Raptor Research and Conservation Network. 2015a (in Russian). [Карякин И., Вагин А., Штоль Д. Результаты исследований хищных птиц в алтайских ленточных борах в 2014 г. – Российская сеть изучения и охраны пернатых хищников. 2015a]. URL: http://rrrcn.ru/ru/archives/22682 Date accessed: 12.12.2017.

Karyakin I.V., Kovalenko A.V., Levin A.S., Pazhenkov A.S. Eagles of the Aral-Caspian Region, Kazakhstan. – Raptors Conservation. 2011. 22: 92–152. [Карякин И.В., Коваленко А.В., Левин А.C., Паженков А.С. Орлы Арало-Каспийского региона, Казахстан. – Пернатые хищники и их охрана. 2011. № 22. С. 92–152.]. URL: http://rrrcn.ru/ru/archives/12738 Date accessed: 12.12.2017.

Karyakin I.V., Korepov M.V. Imperial Eagle Breeding on the Electric Pole in Kostanay District, Kazakhstan. – Raptors Conservation. 2009. 13: 89 [Карякин И.В., Корепов М.В. Гнездование могильника на опоре ЛЭП в Кустанайской области, Казахстан. — Пернатые хищники и их охрана. 2009. № 13 С. 89]. URL: http://rrrcn.ru/ru/archives/24931 Date accessed: 12.12.2017.

Karyakin I.V., Levashkin A.P., Pazhenkov A.S., Korzhev D.A. Results of the Ural Owl and Tawny Owl Attracting into Nestboxes in the Samara District, Russia. – Raptors Conservation. 2009a. 16: 25–41. [Карякин И.В., Левашкин А.П., Паженков А.С., Коржев Д.А. Результаты привлечения неясытей в искусственные гнёзда в Самарской области, Россия. – Пернатые хищники и их охрана. 2009a. № 16. С. 25–41.]. URL: http://rrrcn.ru/ru/archives/19492 Date accessed: 12.12.2017.

Karyakin I.V., Levin A.S., Moshkin A.V., Nikolenko E.G. Saker Falcon in Russia and Kazakhstan. – XIV International Ornithological Conference of Northern Eurasia. II. Oral presentations. Almaty, 2015b: 473–530. [Карякин И.В., Левин А.С., Мошкин А.В., Николенко Э.Г. Балобан в России и Казахстане. – XIV Международная орнитологическая конференция Северной Евразии. II. Доклады. Алматы, 2015b. С. 473–530.] URL: http://rrrcn.ru/ru/archives/25433 Date accessed: 12.12.2017.

Karyakin I.V., Nikolenko E.G. Merlin in the Altai-Sayan Region, Russia. – Raptors Conservation. 2009. 18: 98–120. [Карякин И.В., Николенко Э.Г. Дербник в Алтае-Саянском регионе, Россия. – Пернатые хищники и их охрана. 2009. № 17. С. 98–120.]. URL: http://rrrcn.ru/ru/archives/19451 Date accessed: 12.12.2017.

Karyakin I.V., Nikolenko E.G. The Results of the Project on Creation of Special Protection Zones in Pine Forests of the Altai Kray Based on Data from the Long-term Monitoring of Raptors’ Nesting Sites, Russia. – Raptors Conservation. 2015a. 31: 75–102. [Карякин И.В., Николенко Э.Г. Результаты проекта по выделению зон особой охраны в трёх боровых заказниках Алтайского края на основании данных мониторинга мест гнездования пернатых хищников, Россия. – Пернатые хищники и их охрана. 2015a. № 31. С. 75–102.] DOI: 10.19074/1814-8654-2015-31-75-102 URL: http://rrrcn.ru/ru/archives/26098 Date accessed: 12.12.2017.

Karyakin I.V., Nikolenko E.G. The First Record of Cases of Breeding the Greater Spotted Eagle in Old Nests of the Golden Eagle and White-Tailed Eagle in the Altai Kray, Russia. – Raptors Conservation. 2015b. 31: 156–160. [Карякин И.В., Николенко Э.Г. Первые регистрации случаев размножения большого подорлика в гнездовых постройках беркута и орлана-белохвоста в Алтайском крае, Россия. – Пернатые хищники и их охрана. 2015b. № 31. С. 156–160.] DOI: 10.19074/1814-8654-2015-31-156-160 URL: http://rrrcn.ru/ru/archives/26114 Date accessed: 12.12.2017.

Karyakin I., Nikolenko E. The Aleus Nature Reserve was observed. – Russian Raptor Research and Conservation Network. 2016 (in Russian). [Карякин И., Николенко Э. Обследован Алеусский заказник. – Российская сеть изучения и охраны пернатых хищников. 2016.]. URL: http://rrrcn.ru/ru/archives/26697 Date accessed: 12.12.2017.

Karyakin I.V., Nikolenko E.G., Prommer M., Kazi R. The First Record of Nesting of the Osprey on the Highvoltage Power Pole in the Sayan Mountains, Russia. – Raptors Conservation. 2017. 34: 100–104. [Карякин И.В., Николенко Э.Г., Проммер М., Кази Р. Первый случай гнездования скопы на опоре высоковольтной ЛЭП в Саяне, Россия. – Пернатые хищники и их охрана. 2017. № 34. С.100–104.] DOI: 10.19074/1814-8654-2017-34-100-104 URL: http://rrrcn.ru/ru/archives/28707 Date accessed: 12.12.2017.

Karyakin I.V., Pazhenkov A.S. The Imperial Eagle in the Samara District, Russia. – Raptors Conservation. 2010. 20: 97–118. [Карякин И.В., Паженков А.С. Могильник в Самарской области, Россия. – Пернатые хищники и их охрана. 2010. № 20. С. 97–118.]. URL: http://rrrcn.ru/ru/archives/19250 Date accessed: 12.12.2017.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19074/1814-8654-2017-35-74-175

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